How fast did the saliva and mucus fly out of the man's mouth?
How many droplets flew out of the man's mouth?
Did all of the sneeze droplets carry disease?
How fast will the cold air kill the viruses?
What does the virus need to survive?
What is Holly's first line of defense?
What do the nose hairs do?
trap every particle Holly breathes in
What is Holly's second line of defense?
What does the mucus do?
traps particles, dissolves bacteria and viruses & sends to the stomach
What causes the flu in Holly?
How does the virus get from Holly's nose to her throat?
she sucks it in when she breathes
The winding nasal passage is designed to ———
The winding nasal passages washes viruses into the ———
stomach to be destroyed
Virus burrows through a thick layer of ———
After the virus burrows through the mucus, it makes it to the ———
The spikes on the virus mimic a ———
The spikes on the virus are used to ———
The virus docks to a _______ on the cell surface.
The cell is fooled and reads the virus as a ———
The virus slips inside of the throat cell. This is the ________ stage of the invasion.
The cell has been taken over. It is no longer making proteins but components for ———
thousands of new viruses
From a single invaded throat cell _______ viruses are made.
Holly's throat cell has become a ———
virus cloning factory
Each newly cloned virus seeks out a new throat cell to make into a ———
virus cloning machine
After just 2 hours the virus infects _______ cells.
The virus can make Holly critically ill if it reaches her ———
The first line of defense of the _______ system are the ———
immune, natural killer cells
NKC spray a _______ and kill invaded throat cells. NKC kill _______ throat cells, too.
When you are sick you get a _______ throat because many of your throat cells are getting killed off.
Two single _______ blood cells are able to wipe out the invasion.
Cell debris can pile up in Holly's throat and _______ her.
_______ dispose of cell debris by _______ it.
Debris that is not consumed by macrophages are carried away by _______ to be _______.
cilia, swallowed and digested
Holly's immune system has destroyed thousands of her own throat cells. Therefore she gets a _______.
The virus is not causing the symptoms of the flu, it is Holly's own _______.
Macrophages eating throat debris send out a chemical message called _______.
Interleukins summon reinforcement to the battlefield. They make Holly feel _______. They make her nerves _______, making the slightest movement cause her _______.
Interleukins cause _______ common with the flu.
Holly's pain has a purpose, her body is telling her to _______.
Holly feels cold because the _______ has caused the normal thermostat in her body to trick her body to think that it is _______. She shivers, and _______ her body. She gets a _______.
interleukins, cold, warms, fever
The rate of cells being produced _______ with the temperature. _______ cells are made at a faster pace. Holly's hair and nails grow _______% quicker than normal.
increases, immune, 20
Raised temperature makes the _______ vessels around Holly's brain to _______. That gives her a _______ headache.
blood, swell, throbbing
Though very high fevers are dangerous, a slight temperature helps fight the virus. Dropping the temper would give the _______ a new lease on life.
Immune system makes you suffer until your body can defeat the virus. More killer cells are arriving in the throat, yet new viruses are still being made. 36 hours have passed without success. _______ cells are collecting virus _______.
Using virus fragments, dendritic cells go look for a specific _______ cell and _______ cell. They are one out of a trillion.
The specific T and B cells are made to deal with _______ B.
The dendritic cell reaches a lymph gland. It sticks out a virus fragment. It docks with a T cell. The original T cell is then cloned, and _______ are made.
Packed with _______ cells, Holly's _______ glands begin to swell.
T cells go through the _______ stream to throat cells. They only kill _______ cells, unlike the natural killer cells that kill all the cells in the area.
Holly's cough is further evidence that the T cells are winning. _______ have been destroyed in this battle and the only way to clear her throat of the cell debris is to cough.
A _______ cell has recognized the spikes of the virus carried to it by a dendritic cel.
B cells begin to clone themselves. B cells do not leave the area, so instead the produce small proteins. The proteins are called ———
Antibodies go to the virus and attach themselves to the _______ so they can no longer invade throat cells.
Viruses breeding in Holly's cells are destroyed by _______ cells.
B cells send out _______ to attach to viruses that are free floating, making them unable to attack new cells. It is a 2-prong attack.
Holly's symptoms (do/do not) go away immediately after her body beats the virus.
After being killed, do new throat cells begin to grow?
After the defeat, T cells become _______ cells. They patrol Holly's body for years to come. They make her immune to the influenza B virus.
Influenza B can _______ so that the memory cells do not recognize it next year.
How is the flu passed on to the next person?
Are most of Holly's symptoms from the virus itself or the immune response?
The natural killer cells are like a (sniper/grenade/ninja with ninja stars)
The T cells are like a (sniper/grenade/ninja with ninja stars)
What is a ninja star?
The B cells are like a (sniper/grenade/ninja with ninja stars)
ninja with ninja stars
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